The Atlantic Puffin

Atlantic Puffins, Birds, Wildlife

The Atlantic Puffin is the sole puffin that’s located in the Atlantic ocean. Another two puffin species, the Tufted Puffin and the Horned Puffin, are located in the North Pacific Ocean. Puffins are amazing in that they fly and dive to great depths.

It belongs to the Order Charadriiformes, the Family Alcidae, the Genus Fratercula, and the Species arctica. Its scientific name is Fratercula arctica, and it was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Other titles that have been given to the Atlantic Puffin are Frequent Puffin, Puffin, Puffin Auk, Labrador Auk, Sea Parrot, Pope, Bottle-Nose, Tammy Norie, Coulterner, Tinker, Clown of the Ocean, and Sea Rooster. The Canadian province Newfoundland and Labrador has declared it the provincial bird (like how in the United States there are state birds).

In the summer, during breeding season, the puffin’s bill develops much more ridges and rectal growth plates. Its crown is greyish-black. Its upper parts are dark. It has a narrow ashy collar. The sides of the head, the chin, and the throat are also ashy. The area between the eyes and the bill are almost white, with a dark dusky patch on the side of its own throat. The underparts, beginning in the neck, are pur white. The puffin stands upright on its legs, which are pushed quite far back on it body. It stands and waddles like a penguin does. The base of the bill and the first ridge are dull yellowish. The next space on the invoice is grayish blue. The remainder of the bill is vermilion, and yellow below. The iris is bluish white, and there are conical shaped projections above and behind the eye.

Turkey Vultures

Texas, Turkey, Vulture, Scavenger

When I was a young girl, many, many years back, my Mother and I frequently picked wild strawberries as a special summertime treat for this night’s dessert. On one occasion, as I bent down to loosen a bunch of sweet little red berries from their stems, out of the corner of my eye something grabbed my attention. I looked beyond our neighbor’s house, and into the skies above’Sugar Hill’, where I had enjoyed watching so many awesomely beautiful sunsets. A large dark bird with an impressive wingspan was moving silently and slowly, circling in the skies over the hill.

“What IS that, Mom?”

The truth about turkey vultures:

Gentle, caring and dedicated parents

Do not spread any diseases at all, contrary to popular beliefs

Essential part of Nature’s cleanup crew

Perform removal of carcasses before they can become diseased

Purify environment by removing animal cadavers that are already infected

Considered sacred in certain cultures for their gift of sanitizing

Enjoy soaring on high with hot thermals to lift them ever upward

Resemble wild turkeys with their reddish featherless head, dark body and two-tone wings

When you think of vultures, what images come to mind? Lazy, dirty, aggressive, morbid harbingers of death? While those are understandable responses, I fear they are based on images conjured up by Hollywood Westerns.

The black vultures most often seen in the west and south throughout Mexico are indeed competitive. They circle on high searching for their next meal, and squabble over their finds like selfish children.

Common all over america, it is the turkey vulture which uses its highly developed ability to detect the stench of cadavers, even at great distances. These large eagle-sized birds game distinctive two-toned wings that are dark brown, with silvery gray feathers on their wing edges.

Turkey vulture heads are small and featherless for an excellent reason. Consider it–much like workmen dress for the job, these birds do the contrary. They undress (their heads) to the task at hand. It’s not pretty, but it is true. Vultures would be spending far too much of their time preening and cleaning rather than filling their bellies. In the bird world, efficacy most often translates to survival.

When the young hatch out of their camouflaged eggs, they are helpless to defend or feed themselves. Their parents are aware for potential predatory attacks, and they are adept at providing loads of food for their downy chicks for another 60 to 80 days.

Vultures are an elegant part of Nature’s cleanup crew. In some cultures they’re revered as cleansers and sprays. Buddhists believe they have the capability to release the soul and take it to Heaven. So it is a routine practice to provide their dead to vultures for’cleansing’ and delivery to the firmament, also called’sky burials’.

Their scientific name, Cathartes aura, really translates to ‘purifying breeze’ or’gold purifier’. Either of those interpretations is more accurate than the term’vulture’, which means to tear.

They’ll take turns, as opposed to fight over bits and pieces of flesh. Other birds, such as the smaller black vultures and hawks, find it easy to push them away from their own finds.

Possessing excellent immune systems prevents them from contracting any nasty diseases from the dead animals they ingest.

If they feel afraid or threatened they regurgitate (often at the direction of the perceived threat). This offensive act repels, and takes their attacker by surprise, with the sight and awful odor. Additionally, it serves to lighten the load for a quicker get away!

The unfounded fears that turkey vultures spread disease often prompts intentional shootings and unkind poisonings and trappings. However, these birds keep the environment clean and disease free, rather than the reverse.

As humans, I think we sometimes tend to equate beauty with goodness, and ugliness with evil. All living things have a role on this Earth. The misunderstood and much maligned Turkey Vulture serves a noble purpose. We need to look beyond the shallow idea of beauty, and provide the Turkey Vulture the reverence it has rightfully earned and deserves.

Frog Facts

Frog, Pond, Animal, Water Frog

You might have heard the expression amphibians, which signify cold-blooded vertebrate animals that are comfortable living in both water and land. Can you name a few animals that belong to the class of creature? If you have missed out on the most common name in this list, it is the frog. Kids are familiar with green frogs which are mostly seen in cartoons or fairy tales. However, frogs can be found in different colors and shapes. There are loads of species of frogs throughout the world, some of which are poisonous. Here are a few interesting things kids ought to learn about frogs.

Being amphibian, frogs lay their legs . They are tailless, and their physical structure isn’t very large. Frogs love to spend time in fresh water, an arid trees or surface. The body surface of a frog is very stout and rough. Bugs and worms are on their food list. Frogs can jump often in a single leap; state around 20 times in a row. One of the biggest frogs is called the Goliath that’s located in West Africa.

Frogs use their tongue to grab the prey and swallow them whole. At the time of consuming frogs blinks, their eyes frequently facing their eyeballs down to their mouth.

One of the interesting species of frogs is the glass frog. As the name suggests, the body of these frogs is entirely transparent. Such frogs are good research material for scientists who are eager to know how the inside of a living animal works. Learning about frogs is obviously a trend among kids. Frogs are one of those animals to serve this objective. Pupils in higher studies often found doing their experiments with the body, bones and organs of frogs interesting although it does not always seem exciting for all pupils. They find it quite tough to catch and slash a living creature. These days, many schools are providing 3D replicas and versions of amphibians to practice the same.

It seems intriguing to have a frog as a pet, and one such species for that purpose is the bullfrog. People today want to pet such frogs and allow them free when they don’t feel like keeping them any longer. For food, they could compete hard with their native species and environment, which is a detrimental sign to the environment. The Bullfrog breed is very fast, and their availability in the wrong place can upset the natural balance. They deprive food and resources of different animals leaving within the same range.

Some frogs are very deadly; one such frog is known as the Golden Frog. Just 1 gram of toxin they can kill around 100,000 individuals. While getting to know more about the poisonous frogs, children need to know that some species are so poisonous that bothering them is dangerous. Terrific thing about this type of frog is thatthey are found mostly in jungles. Some of the tribes living in the dense forest are capable of collecting and using the poisons of these frogs.

Frogs like to start their lives with swimming and then they gradually get in the water. Once they start growing, frogs start living inland regions. Frogs inhale through their nostrils, and they can see all around them as upwards, sideways and in front of them all at exactly the same time. Right from the age of three, a number of those commonly observed frogs are ready to breed. Frogs can’t survive in the ocean and salt water.

Feeding wild raccoons

Raccoons, Coon, North American Raccoon

Raccoons are smart, very cute, and fun to watch in nature. These are some of the primary reasons why people would love to feed them. But feeding raccoons can lead to a whole heap of issues. Although it is not illegal to feed wild raccoons, it is a practice that is widely discouraged in the wildlife rescue and control market. Keep on reading to learn why feeding raccoons is a dangerous and dangerous threat to take for yourself and your property.

The main reason why we should not feed raccoons is to keep them from trespassing onto our properties. Furthermore, the reason we don’t want raccoons on our possessions is because raccoons cause difficulties. In the event you should feed raccoons, they will begin to associate your property as a source of food. Because raccoons are smart, they will return night after night, searching for more food.

Dangers and Risks

When raccoons start to explore our territories on a regular basis, they become comfortable and familiar with its surroundings. They might even think about your property their own land. When this happens, raccoons are more confident and likely to be a danger to any pets or human contact. Raccoons can carry infectious diseases, germs, and bacteria that they can transmit through saliva, blood, bites, and even scratches. If a pet or person gets too close, or they also close to them, a raccoon may feel threatened. And when raccoons feel threatened, they can become aggressive and attack, scratch, claw, or snack.

Interior and Exterior Damage

Another major reason why we do not want raccoons visiting our yards is because they cause a enormous quantity of structural and landscaping damages. Raccoons have nimble paws and dexterous claws that allow them to easily open, pry, pull, and push. These maneuvers can get them access to roofs, attics, crawl spaces, garages, sheds, and much more. From that point, the damages can only get worse. For instance, attic insulation is torn down from the walls for nesting, or soiled with raccoon droppings, ceiling tiles discolor from raccoon urine, foul odors seep in the living areas, roof shingles have been ripped off, siding is ripped away, baseboards are pried from the walls, and a whole lot more.

Feeding raccoons is like sending them an invitation to create your property their property. Damages from raccoons are pricey, and can sometimes call for complete room renovations or large repairs. Protect yourself, your family, your pets, and your property with responsible wildlife control. This means not feeding wild raccoons and contacting a local raccoon control company if you spot any on or around your premises.


Burger, Hamburger, Bbq, Food, Fast Food

The Hamburg steak because it was called in the 1800’s was served to the voyages from Germany to the USA. The meat patties were quickly cooked and served on two pieces of bread. To attract lots of the sailors and European visitors to their eating stands sellers. They would provide the Hamburg style steak on the menu.
With Hamburg steak firmly embedded the American culture in the late 1800’s claims of the way it served in the modern standard is according to Congress girl Rosa DeLaurao. This is a contested fact. We’ll provide you a few more names and areas of the Hamburger in america.
Fletcher Davis of Athers Texas sold burgers from the cafe in the late 1800’s before taking them to the World’s Fair in 1904.
Frank and Charles Menches seller at a county fair ran from their sausage sandwiches and began using beef instead. It was recorded this happened in 1892 at the Summit County Fair in Akron Ohio.
In 1885 Charles Nagreen now known as hamburger Charlie who made sandwiches that were easy to eat while walking at the Seymour Fair he was just 15 years old at the time.
Proof that Oscar Bilby in 1891 was the first to serve the Hamburger on a bun in Tulsa Oklahoma. In 1995 Governor Frank Keating proclaimed that the first true hamburger on a bun was made and consumed in Tulsa Oklahoma.
With 40 billion served up in the United States alone has truly become America’s favorite sandwich. It may not have ever occurred because in 1906 Upton Sinclair’s Journalistic novel”The Jungle” detailed the unsavory areas of the meat packing industry in America. Ground beef became subject to much scrutiny since it was easy to add meat scraps, fillers and preservatives
In 1921 Billy Ingram and Walter Anderson of Kansas had the vision to open White Castle restaurant. It became the direct way for the fast food hamburger success. The White Castle restaurants gleamed with cleanliness bringing the hamburger standing along with it. Lots of you have your own favorite recipe for the beans of your choice.
So next time you pull into your favorite fast food restaurant, fire up the grill or put one on the George Forman grill you’ll know a little of this evolution on the Hamburger.


Romance, Lovers, Happy, Man, Woman, Love
If someone had just purchased a car, there is a strong probability that they’d have taken it for a test drive . This would have given them the opportunity to learn what it’s like and to see whether it would be a great match for them.
In addition to this, they would have probably asked a number of questions about the car. After all, this was a big decision, so it’s a fantastic thing that they had completed their research and not only gone for any car.
A Different Approach
However, while someone might be careful when it comes to what car they buy, this may not be the case in regards to who they begin a relationship with.
If they behaved this way when it came to buying a car, they could end up buying a car that is dangerous or only looks great from the outside. In any event, they are going to have ended up making a poor decision.
The Main Thing
The effect that this individual’s appearance has on them is then likely to put them into an altered state of consciousness, with this state taking away their ability to think clearly.
The Hallo Effect
If they were to express what’s taking place inside them it might sound like this,’they look good, so every other part of these must also be great’.
One is not going to be taking a medication that interferes with their ability to think logically, but it is going to be as if they are. One will have put another person on a pedestal, which is likely to mean that they’ll have a long way to fall.
Two Extremes
As times goes by, it might become clear that the idea they had of another individual earlier on had very little basis in reality. At one moment in time they’d have been in heaven, but at another, they’ll be in hell.
If something like this happened once it would be sufficient, but when this occurs on a regular basis, it’s going to cause someone to experience lots of pain. It wouldn’t be accurate, however, to state that this is always what takes place when someone continually ends up with the wrong person.
Another Scenario
Conversely, an individual could realize that they have the tendency to be attracted to people who come across as strong and capable. In the beginning they’ll feel like they are with someone who will treat them nicely, only to discover that this person ends up becoming really controlling.
When this happens, the other person will have appeared to have possessed all the perfect traits in the beginning, yet ended up becoming somebody else as time went by. Due to the number of people they’ve been with who were like this, they may wonder if they have a sign in their head that says,’controlling people only’.
The Common Denominator
Although somebody who ends up with the wrong person all the time could find it hard to find any advantages in all this, the fantastic thing is that they’ll be the man who keeps showing up. What this then means is that in order them for entice soemome who is different, they will need to change.
The area that will most likely need to be changed is their internal world; changing their appearance in some way, for instance, is not likely to be the solution. In the same way that changing a cars look is unlikely make it operate better, changing their appearance is unlikely resolve what’s occurring, either.
One Option
So, when one meets someone who they think is a fantastic match, they could ask one of their friends to come and spend some time together on various occasions.
The trouble with this approach is that their other person can put on an act in the beginning, and, ones friend may not be a good judge of character. On the other hand, if a person starts to resolve the wounds which are within them, it’ll be easier for them to see other people for who they are as opposed to projecting so much onto them.
Diving In
In addition to this, they will gradually lose the attraction that they have to people that are not good for them. Lots of the wounds they need to deal with may be the result of what took place whilst they were a kid.
Dealing with this baggage will not happen immediately, but it is going to happen as long as they’re patient and persistent.
If one wishes to change this area of their life, they might need to reach out for external support. This is something which may be provided by the assistance of a therapist or healer, as an example.


Flag, Ghana, Red, Yellow, Green, Black

After vowing he wouldn’t turn to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Ghanaian dictator, Jerry John Rawlings, was forced eventually in 1983 to inflict this misfortune on his people. Aside from causing the collapse of large sectors of Ghana’s industries and throwing thousands of people out of work, the new policies imposed on the authorities produced a market providing the public with practically no choice. People were compelled to buy whatever it satisfied the traders to import. Long cherished products vanished to be replaced by cheap copies of dubious quality.

Tom, an English engineer visiting Tamale in northern Ghana in 1987, was told that the northerners greatly appreciated the British products which they had come to know and trust in colonial times. The Lister diesel engine was much used for corn milling, water pumping and generating energy and there were many old installations scattered throughout the Northern and Upper Regions. Similarly, the northerners adored the Raleigh bicycle and the original Land Rover four-wheel-drive vehicle. They called these products’original’ and always asked for them. But these days they couldn’t be purchased new because almost all present imports were from China and India. These countries produced copies of the Lister engine and the Raleigh bicycles but the northerners had soon came to discover the difference in quality. That was how the demand for the’original’ began.

Tom said that he feared that if the British goods were imported these times the rural people would not be able to afford them, and in any case, the quality wasn’t as good as before. On the other hand, the standard of the Asian products could be expected to improve. He was told in reply that the local people would try to pay more for better quality. The Cotton Development Company had recently imported bicycles to sell to their employees on easy-payment terms. Most of the bicycles were from China but a few Raleighs were included. Even though the cost was higher, it was the Raleighs that were spoken for first.

Tom’s Ghanaian interlocutor said that he was puzzled by what had occurred. But this market did not provide what the people demanded, it supplied what it suited the dealers to import. The people could only buy what was locally available. It was not a free market, it was a slaves’ market.

Train with your Firearms

Handgun, Firearms, Pistol, Gun, Weapon

Are you interested in firearms and currently seeking firearms training from accredited professionals? Or maybe just plain interested in guns and would want to learn how to shoot? Getting training professionally by firearms instructors would certainly come with advantages. Here are some of them:


This is possibly the first and foremost benefit of learning anything about guns. Knowing how to take and operate guns is important but without the knowledge of proper safety habits and skills, unfortunate incidents regarding guns will continue to take place. Nobody wants that so it is essential that everyone who is involved and would want to get involved with firearms be equipped with the appropriate knowledge about firearms safety. It decreases the likelihood of accidents, which can sometimes be fatal and can even cost lives.


In shorter and simpler terms, this is often referred to as’Use of Force’. If you own a firearm and know how to shoot, do you understand exactly when and where you fire? Do you know the legal implications of what can happen once the bullet fires off the barrel? Those are some questions that you can find an answer from and find out in a firearms training establishment or from a certified firearms instructor. Even though it might be true you know how to shoot but awareness of just how much force you use and the understanding of applying it appropriately is one of the best things which you can learn from firearms training.

  1. Measuring the accuracy of your goal

You certainly do not point your gun at what you do not intend to take but there would probably come a time in your life, let’s say an intrusion in your private property such as your home or business or possibly a threat to you or your loved ones’ lives appears, that it is a necessity that you need to pull and take. It would be catastrophic if you cannot work on the aim once the need shall arise. You can effectively deal with an opponent if you understand how to aim and shoot and such a skill requires instruction, essentially from guns professionals or experienced firearms instructors.

  1. Developing yourself and bolstering your firearms skills

Lastly, visiting a firearms training institution will greatly develop you as an individual. During training, you will learn self-discipline, working on your own aim, as well as physical conditioning on the way to better take and have the mindset for it. You will also learn when to pull the gun out on appropriate situations with all the legal things in mind. You can greatly develop your skills and passion for firearms by obtaining quality firearms education.

School Shopping

Book, Asia, Children, Boys, Education

There comes a point when every parent goes through the process to discover a school for their child. It can be a difficult process – you may have a different opinion on choice of schools than your kid; you may be moving to a new area; or you may be looking at an independent, fee paying school for your child. Whatever the situation, help is on hand to ensure you find the right school where your child is happy.

So we have put together some general ideas to help you not only find a school, but to find the right school.

Moving area – locating a school in a place you are unfamiliar with can be quite tricky, especially given the amount of assistance given by existing primary schools to get their pupils into the right secondary school. The best place to begin is by creating a shortlist of schools in the area you are going to, you can do a postcode search here. Once you have your list, contact them and find out when they are available for you to go and visit. The whole process can then be broken down into a simple, enjoyable exercise for you and your child.

Find an independent school – if you’re looking for an independent school for your kid then your choices will become much narrower. Outside of major towns and cities there are often just a handful of independent, fee paying schools to pick from and you might already know what these are. Independent schools will always have open days or open evenings where you can call in and take a look around to see if it’s right for you. Since they are fewer in number, it is likely you’ll want to use the school’s transport service to get your child to and from school each day, so check where this stops and picks up in connection with your home.

A school in category 4 will occasionally be put in what is known as Special Measures, meaning it has external assistance from the local authority to attempt to improve, and the senior management team can be replaced if they are deemed to be ineffective. Whatever the situation, every schools’ OFSTED rating is published online and can be seen for free, so go and take a look to learn more and use them to help you find a school.

Find a college your child is in disagreement with – quite often you’ll have a differing opinion than your kid’s. This will most likely be the case when you come to find a school for them. They may favour a school where their friends go, or that has the best sports team, or is nearest your home, whereas these may be the schools with the worst OFSTED ratings, or the worst transport links, which you (rather more sensibly!)

Finding a school is often a very simple process but for a few there are a few more hurdles to overcome. When there are, help is at hand from many different sources to make sure you find a school that your child is happy at.

Cold Fusion, Taboo?

Coldfusion, Lenr, Nuclear, Atomic

Due to a terrible exactness of the report, only few other scientists managed to replicate their findings in the first location. The findings were subsequently dismissed as due to misunderstandings and bad scientific practice, and the matter of cold fusion has since been considered as a taboo area.

However, some scientists did figure out how to replicate the findings, and quietly an enormous quantity of positive research findings based on experiments of a lot better quality have been published. The phenomenon is again becoming accepted as a legitimate field of research by steadily scientists.

However, what’s really going on isn’t well understood. Heat production, found radiation and detected fusion products suggest that some kind of nuclear reaction or fusion occurs, but the reactions don’t reveal the amount of radiation and the ratios of products that known hot fusion reactions do. Therefore other names of the phenomenon are often used, like Low Energy Nuclear Reactions or (LENR) or Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions (CANR).


The new nucleus is held together by the strong forces between the heavy particles, protons and neutrons. These forces are so powerful that they triumph over the repulsing electromagnetic forces between protons.

However, the strong forces only work at a short distance. This is difficult due to the repulsing electromagnetic forces between the protons. In conventional fusion this is achieved by very high temperature and pressure in the fusing material.

The mass of a helium nucleus (consisting of two protons and two neutrons) and other light nuclei are less than the bulk of the same number of free protons, neutrons or deuterium nuclei. A deuterium nucleus consists of on proton and one neutron. Heavy water contains deuterium rather than ordinary hydrogen and is therefore designed D2O. When fusion occurs, this mass difference cannot be lost. It’s converted to kinetic energy and gamma radiation.

One has not been able to make a controlled fusion by high temperature and pressure that yields more energy than the input energy yet. The only practical way one has managed to exploit the energy from warm fusion is that the hydrogen bomb.


There isn’t any fully developed model for cold fusion yet. The theory behind the phenomenon is nevertheless very simple: All particles behave according to quantum mechanical laws. These laws state that the energy and coordinates state of a particle at one point in time determine the likelihood of finding a particle a place with some given coordinates at another time period, but the exact place can’t be predicted. Actually, a particle can be found anywhere at that other time point, put all areas do not have the same probability. Some places are very probable, and others are extremely improbable. Because of this, even a particle that is not in any internet motion nevertheless will change place randomly to some extend, usually very little, but sometimes more.

By bringing particles and nuclei very near each other by using some force, this will happen: The quantum mechanical behavior will as always make the particles change their position more or less all the time, and sometimes they get close enough to let the strong nuclear forces to take action and make them fuse.

According to standard comprehension of the standard theory, this cannot happen in such a level to be detected. Either the standard theory isn’t complete, or one has not learned to use the theory in a right fashion. The mathematical apparatus of the theory is so complex, it is not possible to predict what can happen and what cannot happen with a short glance at the equations.

Cold fusion differs in several aspects from warm fusion. It’s difficult to produce warm fusion of different things than one deuterium and one tritium kernel. By cold fusion, two deuterium kernels readily fuse to helium, and even fusion between hydrogen kernels (free protons) have been reported.


The original experiment exerted by Pons and Fleischmann consisted of these components: A palladium cathode, a nickel anode and a solution of sodium deuteride NaOD (20 percent ) in heavy water D2O.

When energy was applied to this electrolytic system, deuterium atoms were produced at the cathode, and oxygen at the anode. The deuterium atoms went into the palladium crystal lattice in great extend before combining to D2.

Excessive heat was then produced from the electrolytic cell, apart from the electrolytic heat. Helium, tritium and neutrons were produced, but the latter two products not in the quantities that would have been produced in a hot fusion. Therefore the fusion reactions in the system are different form those in hot fusion, and likely more complicated.

Only few scientists managed to replicate the results in the first place, because of bad documentation from the originators. However, a number of them succeeded, and gradually the conditions for a satisfactory fusion have been established. The best fusion occurs when the palladium is somewhat over-saturated, that is when there are almost as many atoms of deuterium as those of palladium in the crystal.

The saturation is controlled by the voltage applied, and by utilizing palladium structures composed of very thin layers or very small grains. The electrolysis in itself is only a means to put deuterium into the palladium crystal matrix.

A critical density for starting a fusion procedure seems to be the same density as in liquid pure deuterium. Since there is no fusion procedure in liquid deuterium, the crystal lattice probably packs the deuterium kernels together in tight sub-microscopic groups with much greater density than the average density in the lattice as a whole, and thus allowing quantum mechanical tunnelling between the kernels in the groups.

There are other electrolytic solutions than that used by Fleischman and Pons which can be utilised in combination with palladium electrodes to obtain cold fusion. By electrolysing a solution of KCL/LiCL/Lid using a palladium anode, signs pointing at cold fusion have been reported, but many attempts of reproducing the results have failed.

Any force that’s able to push enough D+ ions to the right kinds of metal crystal lattice, can be used to deliver cold fusion. For example can signs of fusion be produced by bombarding the ideal type of metallic lattice with hastened D+ – ions.

By an electrical discharge between palladium electrodes at a deuterium gas, signs of fusion have been seen. By such a discharge, plasma composed of D+ ions and electrons will be formed between the electrodes. Since also these D+ -ions will have a high thermic energy; many of them will be thrown quite near each other. Quantum-mechanical tunnelling can then do the rest of the approaching process, so that fusion can happen.

Also high pressure can be used to push enough deuterium to a metallic lattice to give fusion. By way of example, by having finely divided palladium grains in a pressurized deuterium gas, signs of fusion have been produced, and replicated by other scientists.

Also by reactions where nickel metal and H2 unite, indications of fusion have been discovered. Even though H2 and not D2 has been used, the reaction has still been reported to take place. This points to a very different response mechanism than that of warm mix. Some scientists speculate that hydrogen atoms can exist in quantum countries where the electron and proton are so near each other that the atom responds like a neutron.

By bombarding gas bubbles in a liquid by ultrasonic waves, the bubbles can be brought into an extreme oscillation of expansions and collapses synchronized with the noise frequency.

Such oscillating bobbles can send out light by certain frequencies of expansions and collapses, and from the right compositions of the gas. By each fall, the place temperature in the bobble can reach up to 10 mill degrees, though the average temperature in the complete blending is near room temperature.

When deuterium is present from the oscillating bobbles, fusion has been observed. This fusion is strictly not cold fusion, but resembles hot fusion, and the procedure sends out neutrons, gamma-rays and tritium atoms as predicted by standard comprehension.

The process hasn’t been reported to produce more energy that that place in, but is confirmed by independent investigators.


Cold fusion in crystal lattices has been shown to produce more energy than that put in. Experimental 1 MW or more experimental reactors has been set up and demonstrated.

Commercial reactors are by now being developed, but no one has been able to demonstrate a reactor with stabile enough operation to be sold in the marketplace. Commercial household heaters seem to be the first type of reactors these companies try to develop. The hope of the companies is that these will make a way for greater reactors and uses in the market.

By now it is not easy to learn how successful cold fusion will be in the energy market. Cold fusion may make a revolution that gives the world cheap clean energy in enormous amounts, but no one knows yet.

Knut Holt is an internet marketer and consultant focusing on technical and scientific items. To locate: Remote controle helicopters, planes, cars and boats. Airsoft guns of all models. Chemistry sets. Electronic sets, transmitters and digital components. Professional microscopes and binoculars. Night vision tools: —